Etimology of Travertine
1797, from Italian travertino "a kind of building stone," from Latin tiburtinus, from Tiburs, adjective from Tibur (modern Tivoli), in Latium.
Travertinus, was orginially tiburtinus or Tivertino, from the Roman name of Tivoli, a town 26 km east of Roma.
Tiburtina > Tibuli > Tivoli > Tivertino > Travertino > Travertine
Travertinum est genus calcis a fontibus mineralibus depositae, praecipue fontibus calidis. Travertino saepe est aspectus fibrosus velconcentricus et in varietatibus albis, fuscis, et cremeis exstat. Nascitur ex rapida carbonatis calcii praecipitatione, saepe in oribus fontium calidorum vel in cavernis calcareis. Quo decursu stalactites, stalagmites, et alia speleothemata gignere potest. Saepe in Italia et alibi ut materia aedificationis usurpatur
The Word travertine is thought to originate from lapis travertinus used for volcanic spring deposits of Bagni di Tivoli in Italy. In the early literature, other spellings has been seen like travertine and travertin. In italian it is travertino.
Travertine Pools in Pamukkale Denizli, Turkey. 17 km away from Mazzmar Stone Head Office. Deriving from springs in a cliff almost 200 m high overlooking the plain, calcite-laden waters have created at Pamukkale (Cotton Palace) an unreal landscape, made up of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins.
We generally take our clients to Pamukkale after make them visit travertine factories and quarries so that they can relax in the pools of “Cotton Castle” where Cleopatra she beleived to have her beauty baths.
What is travertine?
Travertine is a type of natural stone, such as marble, limestone and granite.
Travertine is a natural stone which belongs to the larger family of stone called limestone, which is also known as calcium carbonate.
Travertine is a type of limestone that has had additional heat and pressure applied to it by the earth’s crust. It is formed by minerals dissolved in ground water, which are then deposited on the earth’s surface by rivers, natural springs, or geysers.
How Natural Stone is Made?
Obviously, it is not made by man.
It is naturally formed in millions of years by water, minerals.
Extraction of Natural Stone
Natural Stones are extracted from quarries. Below you can see a photo of our travertine quarry in Kocabas Denizli. There are around 60 travertine quarries in this area of 6 km2s. A natural stone quarry is a basically a mountain of rocks. Large blocks of natural Stones are cut in blocks with the help of wires with diamond saws. Bigger stone blocks means bigger pieces of stone slabs.
Colours of Travertine
Travertine comes in many different natural colors including beige, brown, gray, and gold. There may also be slight undertones of green, red, and rust, depending on the origin of the stone and the minerals inherent in the specific selection. The color of travertine is the result of iron compounds and other organic impurities.
The color of travertine depends on the purity of the mineral water that forms the stone.
When pure, travertine is white, but often is brown to yellow due to impurities. When carbon dioxide-rich water percolates through rocks in limestone areas, the water dissolves the limestone and becomes saturated with it.
Mazzmar Stone provides a colour range of Travertine from White to Black, including, Ivory, Beige, Light, Wallnut, Noche, Scabas, Silver and yes, even Black Travertine, when needed for special projects.